Since 2010, Marcus Veerman and his non-profit organisation Playground Ideas have helped to build playgrounds in developing countries
This article appeared in Landscape Architecture Australia No. 135, August 2012
Marcus Veerman was in Chiang Dao, Thailand, looking around for something to do; something important, when the principal of a local organization, Makhampom, that communicates and educates on issues like AIDS prevention through the medium of theatre, asked if he’d build them a playground. Veerman came up with a design comprising two see-saws, two swings, ad slide and a two-storey icosahedron cubby house thatched with leaves.
“All the materials were sourced from local shops,” says Veerman. “It cost around $600. It was a great looking project, but it’s pretty simple compared to the way we do things now.”
Before this playground was even finished, a local school principal approached Veerman. “This is just what we need for our children,” she told him. “But we don’t know where to start.” Within days, another playspace was in the works and within three months Veerman, along with interested architects, artists, locals and travellers, was building a playground every fortnight.
Eventually, Veerman realized that creating stimulating and creative playspaces – a resource we take for granted in the developed world – is important. “I realized that play, and space to play, is not simply a side issue in education, but is core in fostering a child’s natural way of learning cognitive, social and emotional skills.”
Veerman had previously been involved with an outfit called Hands on Learning, an Australian non-profit with programs in Victoria and Queensland that helps secondary schools deliver an in-school program for students most at risk of leaving school early with projects like building straw bale classroom, canoes, and bikes. Veerman doesn’t have a design qualification, but he’s always been a maker: before settling on play, he experimented with low-cost solar hot water heaters, solar ovens and even a bamboo and linoleum fold-up canoe.
Veerman Playground Ideas went through several incarnations before Veerman, who is the only full-time, paid person on board, formally registered the in-demand organization as a non-profit in 2010. Over the past five years, he and a ‘rolling cohort’ of twenty or so volunteers – a mix of designers, architects, landscape architects, safety assessors, play specialists, lawyers and accountants, have helped to build more than one hundred playspaces in Southeast Asia, South America and Africa.
“Play is important in the developing world because schools often have few resources and poorly trained teachers, which leads to teaching methods such as rote learning and call-and-response teaching,” says Veerman.
“This in turn leads to poor academic outcomes, but also has an impact on overall wellbeing. In many of the schools we work with, playgrounds are considered unaffordable. We’re working with communities to create sustainable, affordable solutions to change the culture of education and the design of schools to become more focused on children’s need to play.”
Funding comes from NGOs, from private donors and from the local communities themselves. Veerman is an advocate of ground-up development, educating and empowering locals to create their own playgrounds, rather than telling them what they need or importing Western designs. This means that each playground is customized to suit the local environment and community. In Thailand, for example, car tyres are free and plentiful, but in Uganda, where Playground Ideas recently assisted with a playground for the children of workers at St Monica’s Tailoring College – they’re not.
“Each playground begins with a community consultation and audit of materials to ensure design and construction of a playground that is culturally appropriate, has strong community ownership and is maintainable over time,” explains Veerman.
In the beginning, Veerman was on the ground, and was closely involved in the day-to-day design and build. Now, five years down the track, he’s stepping back to a remote support and mentoring role, with the internet as intermediary.
“It’s all good and well to come in and do something for a community, but what happens when you leave?” he asks. “If the cost isn’t affordable, the tools and materials aren’t locally available and the community isn’t involved, then how long will it be before the projects falls apart?”
Keen builders and designers can access all the resources they need online; with Veerman acting as a behind-the-scenes support. Many projects now involve local groups reading Playground Ideas’ manuals and downloading its free plans.
The website includes a Playpedia, a suite of resources for designers and builders that includes safety manuals and information about standards in different countries, playground designer tools and a library where designers can access and even upload their designs. It’s not exactly child’s play, but it’s pretty darned close.
See www.playgroundideas.org for more information.